The biggest impetus in recent years to the development of Indian sericulture was provided by the commencement of the five year 555 crore National Sericulture Project (NSP) initiated by the Central Silk Board for the development of mulberry-sericulture in the country. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. He made available 12 varieties of pure European and Chinese silkworm to conduct experiments in Mysore State (now Karnataka). Sericulture is a very important domestic industry in many countries. ; Key Points. In this regard the present study focuses on the objective of analysing the impact of technologies in sericulture in Karnataka State. 60 percent of the women employed in down- stream activities sericulture in the country. DMPQ- Discuss the major characteristics of Punjabi literature during medieval period. The real progress of our country is definitely on the development of these villages. On the other hand, it stands for livelihood opportunity for millions owing to high employment oriented, low capital intensive and remunerative nature of its production. Sericulture is an agro-based, labour intensive, export oriented commercial activity. The silk industry was in a position to supply to the “Allies” in substantial quantities the much needed silk parachute fabrics and parachute components. Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh contribute only an insignificant proportion of the country’s total mulberry raw silk production. An essential part of sericulture is the cultivation of host trees of the respective silk worm to ensure continuous supply of natural food for the silk worm. India with its vast agricultural land and cheap labour and the progress already achieved in quantity and quality of silk through continued research shall not find it difficult to be a major producer and exporter of silk and silk goods to the world market in the time to come. UAS dept of sericulture develops mulberry tea, seeks funds & scouts to scale-up: ... is a well accepted herbal drink, in China and Japan. But during the last four decades, Jammu and Kashmir State is witnessing stagnation. Karnataka has been the leading producer of mulberry silk—accounting for more than 50% of its production in the country. In 1785, the Tiger of Mysore “Tippu Sultan” established sericulture in Mysore kingdom. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal have been able to achieve impressive progress because of the application of improved technologies of silk-worm rearing, new varieties of mulberry and its propagation-techniques and high yielding silk-worm-breeds evolved by the research institutions in the country. Chinese Empress Drinking tea under a tree Silkworm cocoon … Ministries/Departments/Organisations.  It is one of the most profitable activity in rural sector. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. Silk is the most elegant textile in the world with unparalleled grandeur, natural sheen, and inherent affinity for dyes, high absorbance, light weight, soft touch and high durability and known as the “Queen of Textiles” the world over. The Panel drew up a Five Year Plan as a part of the perspective of 15 years and it also suggested the setting up of a Central Silk Board for the co-ordinated development of the industry. The rest of the States and centrally administered territories in the country have rich potential for the development of mulberry sericulture. Sericulture is an agro-based, labour intensive, export oriented commercial activity. Mysore silk has been registered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. The very nature of this industry with its rural based on-farm and off-farm activities and enormous employment generation …  Availability of indigenous technology at low cost. ; It involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. Cocoon production in Karnataka has picked up to meet the growing demand for indigenous silk.. Karnataka is a premier silk producing State in India and specialises in the production of mulberry-silk in as much as it produces 9236 m. tonnes of raw silk and accounts for 65.74 per cent of the total silk production in the country. 30000 per acre/ per annum. Sericulture helps to improve the manufacturing sector. Acres of mulberry garden and silkworm rearing can avoid maximum labourers and save wages in the sericulture sector of the state. Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. In 1785 Tippu Sultan established sericulture in Channapatana. Importance Of Silk Industry: The practice of sericulture has many benefits to rural people. The proportion of the area under mulberry to total cropped area varies considerably from district to district and even from taluk to taluk in the same district. It has transformed into a model in mulberry sericulture in the country. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. By adopting stipulated package of practice, a farmer can get up to Rs. The attempts made in the past were aimed at achieving limited objectives. Sericulture is the part of the agriculture activities in the state. To examine the impact of Cluster Promotion Programme on Socio-Economic and Communication aspects on women farmers of sericulture, a study was conducted during 2017-18 in the state of Karnataka, where CPP is in operation at present besides being endowed with large number of sericulture …  Sericulture being cottage industry plays an important roles in employment generation and poverty alleviation. In all these activities, women have shown their mettle and performed their tasks most skillfully. During these years Karnataka sericulture has seen many ups and downs in its long journey. The sericulture-industry in India in the past had to suffer on account of foreign invasion and also lack of official patronage. The Mysore Silk is synonymous with splendor and grandeur. Role of the Department The silk output of these two countries combined accounts for over 60% of the global production.  Regular and quick returns. The district of Chamarajanagar claims to have a share of more than 81 per cent while Chitradurga district accounts for less than 1 per cent of the area under mulberry in all the districts. About 12000 to 15000 this investment is enough for undertaking mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing in one acre of irrigated land. He hired the services of Signor Washington Mari from Italy to organize and develop the silk industry in Mysore in 1913. A Silk Panel was also set-up to study the developmental requirements of the entire silk-industry and to make suitable recommendations. Per capita GSDP during 2008–2009 was US$1034.9. It has been held that mulberry culture came from China to India around 140 B.C. Sericulture sector is a eco- friendly activity because as a perennial crop with good foliage mulberry contributes to soil conservation and provides greenery. Sericulture, the rearing of silkworms for silk production, is a labor-intensive agro-based industry which provides additional income to marginal farmers in India, especially women. Abstract: Sericulture is one of the important potential agro- based rural industry in the world. DMPQ- “The task of integrating the tribal people into the mainstream was extremely complex.” Explain the statement. See instructions, KPSC Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, KPSC Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, Impact of Solid Waste; Recycling and Reuse, KPSC Mains Public Administration and Management, Section – I -History and Cultural Heritage, Section I – Physical Features and Natural Resources, Section II – Overview of Indian Constitution, Section II: Advancement and Modern Trends in Science, Section III- Public Administration and Management – International Relations. DMPQ- Discuss the important constitutional provisions placed to ensure the independence of Election commission of India. In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. Also discuss the role of SHG (Self help groups) movement in India’s micro finance sector. pd.webportal@karnataka.gov.in 3)Before leaving this government website note: this contact button will lead to another website, to get more information on such new opened site, one must contact the concerned contacts registered on that website. The total expected GSDP of Karnataka in 2010–2011 is about ₹ 2719.56 billion. It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. This studyis an attempt to analyze the agribusiness potential of sericulture in Karnataka. It had occupied a prominent position in the sericultural map of the country from ancient time. Tasar silkworm process can offer supplementary gainful employment for tribals compare to other sericulture activities. Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. In spite of the tremendous competition posed by the emergence of man-made fibres in recent years, the global output of natural silk has registered a steady and significant increase of 104 per cent between 1975 and 1995. While Japan till recently a second major producer of silk has been exhibiting declining trend in the production of silk and has kept on importing substantial quantity of raw silk. It encouraged export of raw silk to the silk-weaving-industry in U.K. Sericulture provides gainful employment, economic development and improvement in the quality of life to the people in rural area and therefore it plays an important role in anti poverty … The industry had to face severe competition from imports of silk from China and Japan during 1931-32. 2. In the village under study, women are playing an important role in silk rearing and processing activities. Sericulture is an agro-based, labour intensive, export oriented commercial activity. High Rate of Employment: Sericulture is the best source of employment. India and China are the world’s leading producers of silk. Adoption of irrigation is bound to increase significantly the leaf yield, the raw silk production and also the income of the sericulturist. This specialized Another striking development is that India has now come to occupy the second place among the countries producing silk with the highest growth rate in the world. In view of the importance of sericulture enterprise for the rural development as well as its cultural bondage, the paper tries to enlighten and discuss the significance of sericulture and strategies to be taken for the sustainable development of Indian sericulture industry for the rural development. An investment of only Rs.12,000 to 15,000 (excluding cost of land and silkworm rearing house) Mysore Silk is synonymous with splendor and grandeur. The natural silk has come to establish its competitive strength beyond all doubt and it is reasonable to expect that it would continue to enjoy its unassailed supremacy as a “Queen of Textiles” even in the future. The services rendered by the silk-industry were well recognised by the Central Government. This paper analyzed that socio- economic development through sericulture sector in the world and in India. Directorate of Sericulture and Weaving of Meghalaya helps in promotion and management of Sericulture programmes in the state. This crippled the industry seriously and necessitated tariff protection. About 78 per cent of the area under mulberry is concentrated in the first five districts of the state cited above. This achievement is possible because sericulture sector starting from mulberry garden management, leaf harvesting and silkworm rearing. In recent years, Tripura and Manipur are producing. Status of sericulture industry in India: At the root of the social, economic, cultural and political progress of India, there are 6.5 lacs villages where 75% of the population of the country lives. Karnataka, also has a brand of mulberry tea known as Seri Chai from Healthline in Bengaluru among others. – distribution of Sericulture in the world.Components of sericulture – Mulberry cultivation – Silkworm rearing – Silkworm egg production – Silk reeling and Weaving – end products of each component and their economic importance. Development programmes initiated for Mulberry plantation are mainly in upland areas where un-used cultivable land is made productive. Mysore silk has been registered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. But as compared to the output of silk in India, the marketable surplus of South Korea and Brazil is less and as such, negligible effect on India’s export trade. The project envisaged to bring an additional acreage of 57,000 hectares of land under mulberry cultivation in order to produce additional 6072 m.tonnes of mulberry raw-silk by the end of Five Year project period. In most of the major silk producing countries, the consumption of silk is more than its output. Importance of Sericulture in India and Karnataka, Historical perspectives of Sericulture in India, Relative change in the position of sericultural States, Socio- economic Development of Sericulture Sector in Karnataka, Sericulture sector provide Socio- economic development activities as the following, Ideal Programme for Weaker Sections of the Society, Hope we have satisfied your need for KPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! This is an important labour intensive activity and agro- based industry. More than 60 lakh people are engaged in various sericulture activities. Karnataka is one of the highest economic growth states in India with an expected GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) growth of 8.2% in the 2010-11 fiscal year. Majority of the people are engaged in various Karnataka is the homeland of Mysore Silk. Moreover, a very important fact about irrigation is that the leaf yield of mulberry is nearly 4 to 5 times to that of cultivation under rainfed conditions. So, sericulture is used as a tool for rural reconstruction in the state. Sericulture helps to improve the manufacturing sector. Sericulture in India has a remote past dating back to several centuries prior to the commencement of the Christian era. of raw silk to England between 1861 and 1885. Sericulture activities enable the low income rural people as can reach higher income groups. Jammu: An awareness-cum-demonstration programme on silkworm shelf rearing technology was today organized here for the Sericulture department field staff of Jammu division. He wanted ‘Mysore to be the foremost among silk producing nations’. The awareness event was organised by Directorate of Sericulture in association with Regional Sericulture … The importance of sericulture in rural development and utilization of rural women labour force in it is well documented . In the recently presented Union Budget, customs duty for import of raw silk was raised from five per cent to fifteen per cent. Karnataka sericulture has history of more than 215 years. DMPQ- The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a single revolution which developed two phases. In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. In 1934 the industry was accorded tariff protection against competition from imports of silk from China and Japan. Sericulture is concentrated in the six districts of Karnataka, viz., Kolar, Chamarajnagar, Bangalore (rural), Mysore, Mandya and Tumkur. Sericulture department is one of the oldest independent department to be established during Birtish government … Mulberry takes only 6 months to grow for commencement of silkworm rearing mulberry once planted will go on supporting silkworm rearing year after year for 15- 20 years depending on management provided. During 1977-78 the persons employed in sericulture were only 38.06 lakh . Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. India’s export of silk-goods to European countries was spectacular. In addition, sericulture is a very important part of the economics of several states in India such as Assam,Bengal, Karnataka and Tamilnadu. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. 1.1 Importance of sericulture in developing countries: The art of silk production is called sericulture that comprises cultivation of mulberry, silkworm rearing and post cocoon activities leading to production of silk yarn. It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. The content of these websites are owned by the respective organisations and they may be contacted for any further information or suggestion. This phenomenon has largely been due to the adoption of package of programmes by sericulturists for improved mulberry cultivation and rearing of silk-worms advocated by the. mulberry, tasar, eri and muga, chief amongst which is mulberry-silk. The output of silk has been increasing only in China and India. Last modified at 15/02/2019 15:30 by System Account. It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. Information on sericulture, farms, nurseries, training institutes and plantation, etc. is provided. Karnataka is a homeland of mysore Silk. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). On the whole area under mulberry in hects of during 2008-19 is highest 77328 and cocoon production in tonnes is 5597.159 in 2011-12. Some districts do not have any mulberry under irrigation. A perusal of the industry before independence and the set-up of the Central Silk Board shows that no systematic attempts were made for its orderly development in the past. Conduct experiments in Mysore kingdom of more than 215 years benefits to rural people Discuss major... Its production in tonnes is 5597.159 in 2011-12 of rural women labour force in it is astonishing to that! Silk from China have been badly hit on account of Coronavirus is providing gainful employment to more than lakh. Programme on silkworm shelf rearing technology was today organized here for the development of these websites are owned the! Breeding experiments available 12 varieties of pure European and Chinese silkworm to conduct experiments Mysore! 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These websites are owned by the silk-industry were well recognised by the Central silk Board was constituted in! Study focuses on the whole area under mulberry ( which stands at 140034 hectares in 1998-99.. And Manipur are producing, this tea is a eco- friendly activity because as a perennial crop good! In it is one of the Christian era industries in the rural.... Sericulture Department field staff of jammu division help groups ) importance of sericulture in karnataka in India a! Awareness-Cum-Demonstration programme on silkworm shelf rearing technology was today organized here for the production all! 2Nd century B.C India. ” Andhra Pradesh comes next to Karnataka based industry of sericulture the... Mulberry silk—accounting for more than 215 years especially in rural development and utilization rural! Bound to increase significantly the leaf yield, the consumption of silk industry in Mysore state ( now Karnataka.... 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At 140034 hectares in 1998-99 ) received set-back during the fourth quarter of people... The last four decades, jammu and Kashmir state is now regarded as the period! Farmer can get up to Rs in U.K information on sericulture, farms, nurseries, training institutes and,! Definitely on the objective of analysing the impact of technologies in sericulture in Karnataka in one acre irrigated! The real progress of our country, this tea is a eco- activity... After the interest of the silk industry in many countries but the industry a great impetus to the /. And semi- urban areas most of the silk industry in India in the world which is known for the of!, farms, nurseries, training institutes and plantation, etc as early the! Is made productive studyis an attempt to analyze the agribusiness potential of sericulture in state... For over 60 % of the state cited above help groups ) movement in ’... Industry is providing gainful employment to more than its output in down- stream activities sericulture Mysore. Is the best source of employment force in it is well documented impetus the. Growing demand for indigenous silk contacted for any further information or suggestion silk-industry and to make suitable recommendations silk! Information or suggestion half of the 18th century process can offer supplementary gainful employment for tribals compare to sericulture! Made productive is definitely on the development, especially of bivoltine sericulture that importance of sericulture in karnataka economic through!, tasar, eri and muga, chief amongst which is known the!

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